For other people with the same name, see Fernando Po (disambiguation).

Ronald Allan Kelley Poe (August 20, 1939 – December 14, 2004), better known as Fernando Poe, Jr. and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King, was a Filipino actor. During the latter part of his career, Poe was defeated by incumbent President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in the 2004 Philippine Presidential elections, a result roundly believed to have been fraudulent. His long career as an action film star earned him the moniker "King of Philippine Movies" (often shortened to Da King).

Poe was posthumously declared a National Artist of the Philippines for Film on 23 May 2006 by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The award was confirmed by President Benigno Aquino III on 20 July 2012, and was presented to his family on 16 August.

Early Life

Ronald Allan K. Poe was the son of Filipino actor Allan Fernando R. Poe (Fernando Poe, Sr.) and Elizabeth Kelley, an American. He was born in San Carlos City, Pangasinan. His parents were not yet legally married when he was born on August 20, 1939, although his parents were later married in 1940. His opponents tried to derail his bid for the presidency when they sought to disqualify him as an illegitimate son of a non-Filipino mother. He was the second among six siblings and it was his brother Andy who was really named Fernando Poe, Jr. which FPJ later adopted, to bank on the popularity of his father who was a top actor in his time. Conrad Poe, a Filipino actor is FPJ's half-brother, the illegitimate son of the late Fernando Poe Sr. and actress Patricia Mijares. Pou is the original spelling of the family's surname from his grandfather, playwright Lorenzo Pou, a Catalan migrant from Majorca, Spain, who ventured into mining and business in the Philippines.

Educational Life

In 1953 Poe finished his primary education at San Beda College. For high school, he went to San Sebastian College. He continued his education at Mapua Institute of Technology and University of the East. His father died from rabies at age 35, leaving the young Poe as the family's breadwinner. In order to support his family, he was forced to drop out of school. He did not complete high school, but went on to win numerous awards and prizes as an actor and film director.

Acting career

Poe dropped out of high school to work in the Filipino film industry as a messenger boy, and was given acting roles in subsequent years. Starting as a stuntman for Everlasting Pictures, he was given a break and landed his first starring role in the movie Anak ni Palaris (Son of Palaris) at the age of 14. The movie was not a big hit. In 1957, the movie Lo Waist Gang made him popular, and the film was such a big hit that low-waist pants became a fad.

Known also as FPJ from his initials, Poe acted in a number of movies which depicted him as the champion of the poor and downtrodden. He also directed nine movies, under the pseudonym Ronwaldo Reyes. Reyes originated from the surname of his paternal grandmother, Martha. The name Ronwaldo Reyes also alliterates to Ronald Reagan, who like Poe, was an actor who later ran for President.

He established FPJ productions in 1961 and later organized other film companies such as D'Lanor, JAFERE, and Rosas Productions. In 1963, he testified against criminal gangs, known as the Big Four, who extorted money from the film industry. In 1965, he shared the lead in The Ravagers (in the Philippines this is titled "Only the Brave Know Hell"), a film depicting the United States and the Philippines working together against Japanese war time occupation. The film is considered one of the most influential Filipino films.

Poe became an award-winning actor and garnered the most best actor awards at the FAMAS. Among the movies that received awards were Mga Alabok ng Lupa (1967), Asedillo (1971), Durugin si Totoy Bato, Umpisahan Mo, Tatapusin Ko (1983), and Muslim Magnum .357 (1987).

Among his famous movies include playing Flavio in the mythical Ang Panday series, Kahit Konting Pagtingin, Dito sa Pitong Gatang and Aguila. His last movie was Pakners which also stars 9-ball billiards champion Efren "Bata" Reyes.

Presidential bid

Fernando Poe Jr., was the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)'s candidate for the 2004 presidential election. A public figure in his movie career and known for his charitable but unpublicized endeavours, he targeted his candidacy at the same poor whom he championed in his movies.

Poe accepted the nomination in December 2003 and was to be the opposition standard-bearer for the Philippines' 2004 presidential election. Some accounts portray him as a reluctant candidate who was only prevailed upon to accept the nomination by his best friend, former President Joseph Estrada. But other accounts say he was convinced to cast his bid for the presidency because of the overwhelming crowd that gathered for the first rally of the FPJ for President Movement at the Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay City.

Personal life

Poe married actress Susan Roces (real name: Jesusa Sonora) in a civil wedding in December 1968. They later married in a religious service and among their primary sponsors were then-President Ferdinand Marcos and First Lady Imelda. Poe and Roces adopted a daughter, former MTRCB Chairman and May 2013 senatorial candidate, Grace Poe. Poe was also partnered with Anna Marin and had one son as Ronian and former actress Rowena Moran has one daughter Lourdes Virginia.

Although a famous public figure, Poe had been very reclusive about his personal life. However, in February, 2004, during the presidential campaign, Poe admitted to having sired two children out of wedlock.

Death and legacy

Poe was admitted to Saint Luke's Medical Center in Quezon City on the evening of December 11, 2004 after complaining of dizziness at a gathering in his production studio during a Christmas party. He suffered from a stroke and slipped into a coma while being treated for a brain clot. Doctors described his condition as a cerebral thrombosis with multiple organ failure. He died at the age of 65 on December 14 at 12:01 am, without regaining consciousness. Friends and allies from the movie and political worlds were at his bedside.

The nine-day wake was attended by hundreds of thousands, with organizers claiming numbers as high as two million. The funeral procession drew tens of thousands who crowded the streets of Quezon City, an event that was reminiscent of the funeral processions of Ninoy Aquino in 1983 and matinee idol Julie Vega in 1985. He was buried in his family plot along with his father and mother in North Cemetery, Manila, Philippines.

On December 14, 2012, Eight years after his death, FPJ was feted with a monument along Roxas Boulevard in Manila. The monument was unveiled at the corner of Roxas Boulevard and Arquiza Street, with widow Susan Roces and daughter Grace Poe attending the affair

In popular culture

  • Fernando Poe Jr. inspired a generation of television and movie impersonators, both serious and comedic. His iconic movie role as the 'Pinoy Robin Hood' and 'People's Champion' in most of his films have repeatedly been clichéd by Filipino action films for years to come.
  • TV host-comedian Joey De Leon parodied FPJ and his iconic film persona (most notably the character of Flavio in "Ang Panday") in many cameo and starring roles. In the comedy-hit movie "She-Man, Mistress of the Universe", FPJ himself appeared in character (as Flavio) and made a memorable cameo appearance to rescue "Pandoy" (De Leon's character name) against his enemies. Ironically, De Leon in his Starzan character from the film of the same name made a cameo appearance in FPJ's film "May Isang Tsuper ng Taxi" asking the latter to take him to the forest.
  • Long sideburns in the Philippines are often referred to as "FPJ's".

Filmography

TitleYearFilms
Anak ni Palaris1955Fernando Poe Productions
Rosita Nobles1955Deegar Cinema Inc.
Simaron (Extra)1956Everlasting Pictures
Babaing Mandarambong1956Everlasting Pictures
Lo Waist Gang1956Premier Production / A Larry Santiago Film
Kamay ni Cain1957People's Pictures
Bakasyon Grande1957Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Tipin1957People's Pictures
Los Lacuacheros1957Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
H-Line Gang1957Premier Productions Inc.
Bicol Express1958Premier Productions Inc.
Student Canteen1958Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Lutong Makaw1958Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Pepeng Kaliwete Part 11958Premier Productions Inc.
May Pasikat Ba sa Kano?1958Premier Productions Inc.
Obra Maestra1958People's Pictures
Atrebida1958Premier Productions
Lo’ Waist Gang at Og sa Mindoro1958Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Laban sa Lahat1958Premier Productions
Bon Voyage1958Premier Productions
Princesa Naranja1959Premier Productions
Rolling Rockers1959People's Pictures
Duke De Borgona {The Duke of Borgona}1959Premier Productions
Eva Dragon1959Premier Productions
Hawaiian Boy1959People's Picture
Tough Guy1959Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Big Time Berto (Cameo Role)1959Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Pitong Gatang { Seven Cup}1959Premiere Productions
Anak ng Bulkan1959Premier Productions
Gabi Ng Lagim (Cameo Role) {Fright Night}1960Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Markado1960Hollywood-Far East Productions
Rancho Grande1960Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Lo Waist Gang Joins The Armed Forces1960Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Walang Daig-dig1960Larry Santiago Productions / A Poe-Zshornack Productions
Materiales Fuertes (Cameo Role)1960People's Pictures
Viuda De Ojo {Eye Widow}1960Premier Productions
Sutlang Bakal {Steel of Silk}1960Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
True Confessions1960Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Sarhento Salcedo1960Balatbat Productions
Pasong Diablo {Devil's Pass}1961Poe-Zshornack Productions
Sandata at Pangako1961LVN Pictures
Kilabot Sa Barilan1961Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Walang Patawad1961Balatbat Productions
Sakristan Mayor { Senior Acolyte}1961People's Pictures
Ikaw O Ako1961Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Hinahamon Kita1961People's Pictures
Dakilang 9 {Great 9}1961Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Matapang Sa Matapang {Courage To courage}1961Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Baril sa Baril1961Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Tatlong Baraha1961Hollywood-Far East Productions
Apollo Robles1961Premier Productions
Walang Pagkalupig {Unconquered}1961Larry Santiago Productions / A Jasmin Tagalog Pictures
Hari Sa Barilan1962Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Suicide Commandoes1962Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Kapag Puno na ang Salop Part 1 1962Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Mga Tigreng Taga-bukid1962Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Batang Maynila1962FPJ Productions
Ako Ang Katarungan1962Premier Productions
Albano Brothers1962FPJ Productions / Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
4 Valientes1962People's Pictures
Leon Marahas1962People's Pictures
Pagtutuos Ng Mga Kilabot {Duel of the Dreaded}1962FPJ Productions
Masikip ang Daigdig1962People's Pictures
Mapusok na Paghihiganti1962Balatbat Productions
Los Palikeros {The Playboys}1963FPJ Productions
Limang Kidlat1963Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Kung Hindi Ka Susuko1963Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Ito Ang Maynila1963Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
The Big Show (Cameo Role)1963People's Pictures
Magnong Mandurukot1963People's Pictures
12 Kuba1963People's Pictures
Bilis Ng Kamay {Sleight of Hand}1963Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Calleyon 111963FPJ Productions
Fandong Asintado {Sharpshooter Fando}1963Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Tahimik Ngunit Mapanganib1963RTG Productions
Angkan ng Matatapang1963FPJ Productions
Sierra Madre1963JAFERE Productions
Sa Pagitan ng Dalawang Mata1963People Pictures
Sigaw ng Digmaan1963FPJ Productions
Anghel Sa Aking Balikat1964FPJ Productions
Intramuros1964Hemisphere Pictures
Mano Mano1964FPJ Productions
Maskarados1964JAFERE Productions
Geron Busabos (Cameo Role)1964EMAR Pictures
Daniel Barrion1964JAFERE Productions
Walang Hanggan1964Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Baril Na Ginto1964FPJ Productions
Orlando Romano1964JAFERE Productions
Saan Man Sulok ng Daigdig {On Any Corner of the World}1964People's Pictures
Kumander Fidela1964Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
9 Laban sa Lahat1964RTG Productions
Ang Daigdig Ko'y Ikaw1965FPJ Productions
Sa Bawa't Hakbang Panganib1965JAFERE Productions
Tierra Verde1965FPJ Productions
Pilipinas Kong Mahal1965FPJ Productions
Ang Salarin1965RTG Productions
Ang Mananandata1965FPJ Productions
Maginoong Tulisan1965RTG Productions
The Ravagers1965Hemisphere Pictures
Tatak Barbaro1965RTG Productions
Hangga't May Kalaban1965FPJ Productions
Let's Do The Freddie (Cameo Role)1966Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Zamboanga1966FPJ Productions
San Bernardo1966FPJ Productions
Diegong Akyat1966FPJ Productions
Lupong Balisong1966RTG Productions
Hanggang May Buhay1966FPJ Productions
Franco Madero1966Virgo Film Productions
Sarhentong Aguila at 9 na Magigiting1966FPJ Productions
Dakilang Balat-kayo1966JAFERE Productions
Baril Sa Aking Kamay1966FPJ Productions
Ang Haragan1966RTG Productions
Dugo Sa Buhangin1967RTG Productions
Ex-Convict1967RTG Productions
Alyas 1-2-31967FPJ Productions
Mga Alabok sa Lupa1967FPJ Productions
Langit At Lupa1967FPJ Productions
Baril At Rosaryo1967AM Productions
Roman Montalan1967EMAR Pictures
...At Sila'y Dumating {...And They Arrived}1967FPJ Productions
Alamat Ng 7 Kilabot1967FPJ Productions
Tatlong Hari1968FPJ Productions
Tanging Ikaw1968Rosas Productions
To Susan With Love1968Rosas Productions
Sorrento1968FPJ Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ni Daniel Barrion1968FPJ Productions
Magpakailanman1968FPJ Productions
Ang Mangliligpit1968RTG Productions
Dos Por Dos1968Emar Pictures
Ang Dayuhan1968RTG Productions
Barbaro Cristobal1968FPJ Productions
Ikaw Ang Lahat Sa Akin1969FPJ Productions
Perlas ng Silangan1969FPJ Productions
Nardong Kutsero1969FPJ Productions
141969All Stars Productions Inc.
Ginintuang Kamay1969FPJ Productions
Fando1969FPJ Productions
Matimbang ang Dugo sa Tubig {Blood is Thicker than Water}1969FPJ Productions
Batang Matadero1969FPJ Productions
Divina Garcia1970FPJ Productions
Santiago!1970LEA Productions
Mga Anghel na Walang Langit (Cameo Role)1970FPJ Productions
Digmaan ng Mga Angkan {Clan Wars}1971FPJ Productions
Dampo't Pukol Salo1971FPJ Productions
Asedillo1971FPJ Productions
Ang Kampana Sa Santa Quiteria1971FPJ Productions
Alas, Hari at Sota1972FPJ Productions
Ang Alamat {The Legend}1972FPJ Productions
Sto. Domingo1972FN Productions
Salaginto't Salagubang1972FPJ Productions
Magiting at Pusakal1972JE Productions
Esteban1973FPJ Productions
Dugo ng Bayan1973FPJ Productions
Ang Agila At Ang Araw1973FPJ Productions
Sto. Kristo1973FPJ Productions
Karnabal1973FPJ Productions
Batya't Palu-Palo1974FPJ Productions
Ang Pangalan "Mediavillo"1974FPJ Productions
Sanctuario1974FPJ Productions
Hotdog : Unang Kagat (First Bite) (Cameo Role)1975Crown Seven Film Productions
Alupihang Dagat {Stomatopod}1975FPJ Productions
Happy Days Are Here Again1975FPJ Productions
Pagbabalik ng Lawin1975FPJ Productions
Anak Ng Araw1975FPJ Productions
Anino ng Araw1975FPJ Productions
Dugo At Pag-ibig Sa Kapirasong Lupa1975Bravo Film Productions
Tatak ng Alipin1975FPJ Productions
Ang Leon At Ang Daga1976FPJ Productions
Bato sa Buhangin1976FPJ Productions
Alakdang Gubat1976FPJ Productions
Andalucia1976LEA Productions
Tutubing Kalabaw, Tutubing Karayom1977FPJ Productions
Totoy Bato1977FPJ Productions
Bontoc1977FPJ Productions
Little Christmas Tree1977FPJ Productions
Nagbabagang Asero {Smoldering Steel}1977FPJ Productions
Tundo: Isla Puting Bato1977LEA Productions
King1978FPJ Productions
It Happened One Night1978FPJ Productions
Ang Lalaki, Ang Alamat, at Ang Baril1978FPJ Productions
Kumander Ulupong1978GPS Film Productions
Patayin si Mediavillo1978FPJ Productions
Mga Mata ni Anghelita (in a Special Role)1978Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Tatak ng Tundo1978FPJ Productions
Ang Panday1978FPJ Productions
Isa Para Sa Lahat, Lahat Para Sa Isa1979FPJ Productions
At Muling Nagbaga ang Lupa1979FPJ Productions
Mahal...Saan Ka Nanggaling Kagabi?1979FPJ Productions
Durugin si Totoy Bato1979FPJ Productions
Boy Negro (Cameo Role)1980RDO Film Circle
Mahal, Ginabi Ka Na Naman1980FPJ Productions
Ang Agila at ang Falcon1980FPJ Productions
Ang Lihim ng Guadalupe1980FPJ Productions
Aguila1980Bancom Audiovision Corp.
Angelita... Ako ang iyong ina1980Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Leon at ang Kuting1980FPJ Productions
Izkorokotoy (Cameo Role)1981GPS Film Production
Ang Maestro1981FPJ Productions
Bandido sa Sapang Bato1981GPS Film Productions
Sierra Madre Part 21981LEA Productions
Minahal Mo Ba Ako1981FPJ Productions
Sambahin Ang Ngalan Mo1981LEA Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ng Panday1982FPJ Productions
Manedyer...Si Kumander (My Wife...is the Manager]1982FPJ Productions
Kalibre .451982Mirick Films International
Daniel Bartolo ng Sapang Bato1982GPS Film Productions
Panday, Ang Ikatlong Yugto1982FPJ Productions
Brando Bandido (Cameo Role)1983Day Films
Roman Rapido1983BHS Film
Kapag Buhay Ang Inutang1983Cine Suerte Inc.
Umpisahan Mo, Tatapusin Ko1983FPJ Productions
Isang Bala Ka Lang1983FPJ Productions
Panday, Ikaapat na Aklat1984FPJ Productions
Sigaw ng Katarungan1984Cine Suerte Inc.
Sierra Madre Part 31984LEA Productions
Daáng Hari1984LEA Productions
Ang Padrino1984FPJ Productions
Isa-Isa Lang1985Cine Suerte Inc.
Partida1985Cine Suerte Inc. / FPJ Productions
Kapag Lumaban Ang Api (When the Downtrodden Fights Back)1986LEA Productions
Batang Quiapo1986Regal Films
Iyo ang Tondo, Kanya ang Cavite (Tondo is Yours, Cavite, is His)1986FPJ Productions / Imus Films (co-production)
Muslim .3571986Tagalog IlangIlang Productions
Kapag Lumaban Ang Api1987LEA Productions
Kapag Puno na ang Salop1987FPJ Productions
Batas sa Aking Kamay1987Bonanza Films
Kamao (Telemovie)1987KAPP / TAPE, Inc. (co-production)
No Retreat... No Surrender... Si Kumander1987FPJ Productions
One Day, Isang Araw1988Regal Films
Gawa Na Ang Bala Na Papatay Sa Yo1988FPJ Productions
Agila Ng Maynila1989FPJ Productions
Wanted: Pamilya Banal1989FPJ Productions
Ako Ang Húhusga (Kapag Punô na ang Salop Part II)1989Bonanza Films
May Isang Tsuper ng Taxi1990FPJ Productions
Kahit Konting Pagtingin1990Viva Films
Hindi Ka Na Sisikatan Ng Araw (Kapag Puno na ang Salop Part III)1990FPJ Productions
Batas Ng 451991Chiba Films
Mabuting Kaibigan...Masamang Kaaway1991Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Lakay: The Lagasca Story1991GP Films
Dito sa Pitong Gatang1992FPJ Productions
Isang Bala Ka Lang (Part 2)1992Vision Films
Hindi Pa Tapos Ang Lában1994Viva Films
The Epimaco Velasco Story: NBI1994FLT Films
Walang Matigas na Tinápay sa Mainit na Kape1994FPJ Productions
Minsan Pa (Kahit Konting Pagtingin 2)1995Viva Films
Kahit Butas ng Karayom, Papasúkin Ko!1995Chiba Films / Antonio Cabangon Chua
Ang Syota Kong Balikbayan1995FPJ Productions
Hagedorn1996Merdeka Films
Ikaw Ang Mahal Ko1996FPJ Productions
Ang Probinsyano1996FPJ Productions
Eseng ng Tondo1997Viva Films / FPJ Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ng Probinsiyano1998FPJ Productions
Isusumbong Kita Sa Tatay Ko1999Star Cinema
Ang Dalubhasa2000Millennium Cinema
Ayos na ang Kasunod2000FPJ Productions
Isa-isa Lang (one by one only)2001FPJ Productions
Batas ng Lansángan2002Maverick Films
Ang Alamát ng Láwin2002FPJ Productions
Pakners2003FPJ Productions

See also

  • Fernando Poe Jr's Presidential Candidacy

External links

  • Fernando Poe, Jr. at the Internet Movie Database
  • Article about his presidential bid
  • Opinion Article on the man
  • Article and photos on his funeral
  • GMA NEWS.TV, Susan Roces leads rites for FPJ death anniversary 12/14/2007, 11:30 AM